蝶舞裝幀

「開合的書頁仿佛展翅飛舞的蝴蝶。」   

蝴蝶裝的出現,表明中國古代書籍裝幀向成熟階段的發展走出極為重要的一步,在中國書籍裝幀史上佔有極重要的地位,對後世以至現代的書籍裝幀影響很大。我們一般指的宋版書就是蝴蝶裝書,它是歷史上輝煌的一頁。

蝴蝶裝書的形成
蝴蝶裝是中國第一種完全離開卷軸理念的裝訂方式。蝴蝶裝書出現在經折裝書之後,經折裝書由於是連續的正反折疊而成,在長久的翻閱過程中,折縫處非常容易斷裂,也很容易受到磨損,斷裂之後就出現了一頁一頁,這卻給了人們啟示,加上經折裝的種種不便,促使人們尋找新的裝幀形態。

雖然經摺裝與旋風裝皆有冊頁形態的特點,但它們仍受卷軸的強烈影響,並有很多共同功能。相對地,蝴蝶裝設法擺脫這種裝訂的傳統,開始了中文書的一個新方向。

蝴蝶裝書的製作
蝴蝶裝最重要的創新思維是摺頁的發展。雕版印刷的頁子一張一張印好後,先將每一印刷頁向內對摺,版心向內,單口在外,使有字的紙面對折起來,頁子是單面印刷,然後將每一書頁背面的中縫粘在一張裡背紙上,粘齊,再用一張硬厚整紙對摺粘於書脊,作為封面和封底,再把上下左三邊裁齊,一本蝴蝶裝書就算完成。書頁打開後向兩邊張開,仿佛展翅飛翔的蝴蝶,所以稱這種裝幀形態的書為蝴蝶裝書。

印刷與蝴蝶裝的關係
隋末、唐初,雕版印刷術的發明很難應用在卷軸裝和經折裝書的印刷上。因為這兩種書籍的裝幀形態形式太長,都不是很合適的。雕版印刷是一頁一頁的,同時可印多冊。加上,蝴蝶裝書頁需要向內對摺,這意味著一個雕板可緣印刷連續兩版。所以,蝴蝶裝書是隨著雕版印刷技術的發明而產生的。而蝴蝶裝書出現的時間,雕版印刷術已到了一個成熟的階段。因此,印刷與蝴蝶裝的這種特殊關係使這種裝訂方法存活多時,最後更發展出其他書籍裝訂型式。

優點:
(一)這簡單而緊湊的設計,意味著蝴蝶裝書可以盛載更大容量的文字。

(二)卷軸裝與經折裝的書的紙都太長,這樣的書很難翻閱、攜帶與保存,而且容易磨損斷裂。相對而言,蝴蝶裝書更易攜帶與保存。對於佛教徒來說,因為他們喜歡隨身攜帶經典背頌,所以容易攜帶的蝴蝶裝書對他們更為重要。

(三)蝴蝶裝書與其他圖書類型不同,它與文本沒有強烈的聯繫。相反地,卷軸裝與經折裝的型態都主要為了當佛教經典而形成的,而旋風裝書似乎主要涉及到參考作品。蝴蝶裝書不被局限於任何特定的讀者群。實際上,這意味著這是第一本書型態可取代卷軸。

弱點:
(一)蝴蝶裝書的最大弱點也是與雕版印刷有關的;由於一個雕板印兩頁,一張紙只可以印一面,這意味著每每第二頁也是空白頁。往往連翻兩頁才能看見一頁,很不方便。

(二)因為蝴蝶裝書版心向內,無法縫繢,只能糊粘,糊粘畢竟不如線裝結實,粘不好就容易脫落。

參考:
楊永德(2006)《中國古代書籍裝幀》。北京,人民美術出版社。

‘The book opened and closed resembled the wings of a butterfly.’   

Butterfly binding played a pivotal role in the history of Chinese bookbinding. The popularity of this form of book in the Song Dynasty (AD 960- 1279) marked the end of the scroll and the beginning of the folded leaf book.

Formation of Butterfly Bound Book
Butterfly binding was the first Chinese book format to depart completely from the concept of the scroll. Butterfly binding was formed after concertina. A piece of long paper has to be folded back and forth to form a concertina/ oriental folded book. After a period of time, it is easily to break down into pieces. In addition with the disadvantage of concertina, people thought of new idea of bookbinding and book form.

Although both concertina and whirlwind bound books had characteristics of the leaf book, they were both strongly influenced by the scroll and still shared many of its features. Butterfly binding, on the other hand, managed to break away from this bookbinding tradition, starting on a new direction for the making of Chinese books.

Butterfly Bound Book Production Procedure
The most important innovation of this format was the development of the folded leaf. A butterfly bound book was made by folding sheets of paper in half, forming four sides each after the woodblock printing. Paste would then be applied to the folded edge of the paper, and the folded sheets would be stacked together so that the folded edges met to form the spine of the book. The shape of the leaves and the manner in which the book opened and closed resembled the wings of a butterfly, therefore the book was given this rather descriptive name.

Relationship with Printing
In the early Tang Dynasty, there was a discovery of woodblock printing. Owing to the nature of the printing block, individual leaves were much more suited to printing than the continuous roll of paper of the scroll. In addition, since the individual leaves of the butterfly format were folded in half, it meant that two consecutive pages could be printed from one block. The concept of butterfly binding was a very important development of the printing block, and it stayed at the heart of Chinese printing. By the time butterfly binding appeared, the art of wood block printing had already reached maturity. Therefore, this special relationship butterfly binding had with the printing block helped to make this format survive and eventually develop into other forms of binding.

ADVANTAGES:
(1) This simple and compact design meant that the book could hold for more text than any other format.

(2) It was much easier to carry around than either the scroll, which was an awkward shape, or the concertina, which did not hold together well. This was especially important for Buddhists who liked to keep sutras on their persons to recite as the moved from place to place.

(3) In contrast with other types of book, the butterfly format did not have a strong connection with the text it contained. Concertina and Chinese pothi formats were predominantly used by Buddhists, and whirlwind books seemed to relate mostly to reference works. Butterfly books were not restricted to any particular group of users. This meant, in effect, that it was the first book format that could replace the scroll.

WEAKNESS:
(1) The relationship with the printing block was also the greatest weakness of butterfly binding. Since the printing block printed two consecutive pages, only one side of each leaf could be printed on. This meant that every second page of the book would be blank. We have to flip for two pages in order to read one page. This is very inconvenient.

(2) The individual leaves of the butterfly format were folded in half. Paste would then be applied to the folded edge of the paper, and the folded sheets would be stacked together so that the folded edges met to form the spine of the book. Binding with paste was not as hard as stitched binding; therefore, they came apart easily.

Reference:
Chinnery, C. (n.d.), Chinese Bookbinding, (internet), IDP Education Website, Available from (Accessed on 7 February 2007)

Advertisements

1 Response to “蝶舞裝幀”



  1. 1 Luke.hk Trackback on February 24, 2017 at 6:59 am

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s




Contributor

Hei Shing
chanheishing@gmail.com

書就是… A Book is…


一片紙不但表現時間,也表現空間。而一片片的紙張組合起來的書就是一個高深的容器,盛滿文字,既能從中不斷汲取智慧,又能裝入無限的智慧。

A piece of paper reflects not only time but also space. Books are formed by binding papers together to become containers of words that serve as a reservoir as well as a spring of wisdom.

October 2010
S M T W T F S
« Sep   Nov »
 12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31  

  • 127,454

%d bloggers like this: